depends on various supply logistics tasks performed within the company. Each task performed in the logisticsystemincurcost. Strict cost calculation in thelogisticssystems allows to distinguish them from the overall costs of thecompany.
direct costs (transport, storage, inventory, handling, communications) and indirect costs,
the cost of supply,productionand distribution,
the cost of the development of logistics and projects recommended by the logistics,
Logistics costs are expressed inmoneythe consumption of human labour, resources and objects of labour, financial expenses and other negative effects of events. They are caused by the flow of material goods in theenterpriseand between enterprises, as well as during maintaining inventories.
Logistics costs arise in the following stages of production:
According to the criterion of variability we can be on fixed and variable. To fixed costs include, among others, depreciation costs of storage, transportation, cash outflows from taxes and fees. Variable costs are labour costs, costs of involved capital, consumption of materials and fuels. Cost calculation allows to identify the threshold of profitability. Thus it is possible to determine the type and nature of the relationship between these logistics costs and overall companys performance.
For the purposes ofstrategic managementwe distinguish between the analysis of separate market segments:
operating costs of transport -freightforwarding and movement,
the cost of maintenance and operation of the warehouse,
costs of unavailability depletion of stocks and costs of inefficient operation,
Logistics costs reflect the consumption ofenterpriseassets, caused by the planned and unplanned events, implementation and control of technological processes involving moving various materials in time and space.
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Logistics costs in South AfricaThe case for macroeconomic measurement
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Cutting logistics costs with ocean carrier selection
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